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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar a este item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/89434
Título

Influence of health behaviours on the incidence of infection and allergy in adolescents: the AFINOS cross-sectional study

AutorNova, Esther ; Martínez Gómez, D. ; Gómez Martínez, Sonia ; Veses, Ana M. ; Calle, M. Elisa; Veiga, Óscar; Marcos, Ascensión
Palabras claveAllergy
Healthy habits
Infection
Overweight
Obesity
Sleep
IgE
Leptin
Fecha de publicación9-ene-2014
EditorBioMed Central
CitaciónBMC Public Health 14(1): 19 (2014)
Resumen[Background] Some health behaviours are liable to affect the incidence of allergies and/or common infections in young people; however, the extent and ways in which these might occur are mostly unknown. This study examines the association of health behaviours related to physical activity, sedentariness, diet and sleep with allergy and infection symptoms in adolescents, and also with biological markers that might mediate disease incidence.
[Methods] The study comprised a total of 2054 adolescents (50.7% girls) from the Madrid region of Spain. The incidence of infection and allergy symptoms three months prior to the study was obtained from a self-administered questionnaire. Physical and sedentary activities, height and weight, food habits and sleep duration were also self-reported and their influence on infection and allergy incidence was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Blood biomarkers (IgE, eosinophil percentage, leptin, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10) were evaluated in a subsample of 198 subjects.
[Results] Adequate sleep duration (OR = 0.79, 95%CI: 0.64 to 0.97) and unhealthy weight status (overweight/obesity) (OR = 1.35, 95%CI: 1.04-1.74) were independently associated with decreased and increased allergy incidence, respectively. No significant association was observed with infection incidence. IgE and leptin differed between adolescents with and without allergy symptoms. In regression models IgE was significantly associated with inadequate sleep duration and leptin with weight status.
[Conclusion] Excess weight and inadequate sleep duration are independently associated with the incidence of allergy symptoms in adolescents. Adequate sleep duration and weight during adolescence might be relevant for a decreased risk of suffering allergy symptoms.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-19
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/89434
DOI10.1186/1471-2458-14-19
ISSN1471-2458
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