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Mapping Ridolfia segetum patches in sunflower crop using remote sensing

AuthorsPeña Barragán, José Manuel ; López Granados, Francisca ; Jurado-Expósito, Montserrat ; García Torres, Luis
KeywordsRemote sensing
Weed management
Vegetation indices
Spectral angle
Weed mapping
Issue DateApr-2007
CitationWeed Research 47, 164–172 (2007)
AbstractRidolfia segetum is a frequent umbelliferous weed in sunflower crops in the Mediterranean basin. Field and remote sensing research was conducted in 2003 and 2004 over two naturally infested fields to determine the potential of multispectral imagery for discrimination and mapping of R. segetum patches in sunflower crops. The efficiency of the four wavebands blue (B), green (G), red (R) and near-infrared (NIR), selected vegetation indices and the spectral angle mapper (SAM) classification method were studied using aerial photographs taken in the late vegetative (mid-May), flowering (mid- June) and senescence (mid-July) crop growth stages. Discrimination efficiency of R. segetum patches in sunflower crops is consistently affected by their phenological stages, in this order: flowering > senescence > vegetative. In both fields, R. segetum patches were efficiently discriminated in mid-June, corresponding to the flowering phase, by using the waveband G, the ratio R/B or SAM with overall accuracies ranging from 85% to 98%. The application of the median-filtering algorithm to any of the classified images improved the accuracy. Our results suggest that mapping R. segetum weed patches in sunflower to implement site-specific weed management techniques is feasible with aerial photography when images are taken from 8 to 10 weeks before harvesting.
Description9 pages; 1 figure; 2 tables
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2007.00553.x
Appears in Collections:(IAS) Artículos
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