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Título

Sexual selection of protamine 1 in mammals

Autor Lüke, Lena; Tourmente, Maximiliano ; Roldán, Eduardo R. S.
Palabras clave Sexual selection
Protamine
Mammals
Sperm
Selective pressures
Fecha de publicación 1-oct-2015
EditorOxford University Press
Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution
Citación Molecular Biology and Evolution 33(1): 174-184 (2016)
ResumenProtamines have a crucial role in male fertility. They are involved in sperm chromatin packaging and influence the shape of the sperm head and, hence, are important for sperm performance. Protamine structure is basic with numerous arginine-rich DNA-binding domains. Postcopulatory sexual selection is thought to play an important role in protamine sequence evolution and expression. Here, we analyze patterns of evolution and sexual selection (in the form of sperm competition) acting on protamine 1 gene sequence in 237 mammalian species. We assessed common patterns as well as differences between the major mammalian subclasses (Eutheria, Metatheria) and clades. We found that a high arginine content in protamine 1 associates with a lower sperm head width, which may have an impact on sperm swimming velocity. Increase in arginine content in protamine 1 across mammals appears to take place in a way consistent with sexual selection. In metatherians, increase in sequence length correlates with sexual selection. Differences in selective pressures on sequences and codon sites were observed between mammalian clades. Our study revealed a complex evolutionary pattern of protamine 1, with different selective constraints, and effects of sexual selection, between mammalian groups. In contrast, the effect of arginine content on head shape, and the possible involvement of sperm competition, was identified across all mammals.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msv209
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/128214
DOI10.1093/molbev/msv209
ISSN0737-4038
E-ISSN1537-1719
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