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Understanding the productive economy during the Bronze Age through archaeometallurgical and palaeoenvironmental research at Kargaly (Southern Urals, Orenburg, Russia)

AuthorsDíaz del Río, Pedro CSIC ORCID ; López García, Pilar ; López Sáez, José Antonio CSIC ORCID ; Martínez Navarrete, María Isabel CSIC ORCID ; Rodríguez Alcalde, Angel Luis; Rovira Llorens, Salvador; Vicent García, Juan Manuel CSIC ORCID ; Zavala Morencos, Ignacio de
KeywordsLate Bronze age
Old World
Experimental Archaeology
Remote sensing
Long-distance Interactions
Issue Date2006
PublisherBrill Academic Publishers
CitationBeyond the Steppe an the Sown: Proceedings of the 2002 University of Chicago Conference on Eurasian Arcahelogy (13): 343-357 (2006)
AbstractThis contribution addresses the metallurgy of Kargaly (the most important Bronze Age mining district in the Eurasian steppes) and its envir onmental impact. Our analyses of ancient copper slag demonstrated that metallurgical techniques were primitive. Smelting experiments evaluated charcoal consumption and the efficiency of copper recovery (the main factors governing models of copper production’s environmental impact). Our palaeoenvironmental research sampled and radiocarbon-dated archaeological sites and natural deposits and contextualized that evidence by studying the present-day landscape. We combined study of the pollen rain with mathematical modelling of the landscape using satellite imagery, geographical information systems, and global positioning technology.
DescriptionNúmero ISI: 000241890700019
Edited by D. L. Peterson, L. M. Popova an A. T. Smith
Appears in Collections:(CCHS-IH) Libros y partes de libros
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