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Downregulation of ERK1/2 activity by CaMKII modulates p21Cip1 levels and survival of immortalized lymphocytes from Alzheimer’s disease patients

AuthorsEsteras, Noemí; Alquézar, Carolina CSIC ORCID; Bermejo-Pareja, Félix; Bialopiotrowicz, Emilia; Wojda, Urszula; Martín-Requero, Ángeles CSIC ORCID
Alzheimer’s disease
Issue DateApr-2013
CitationNeurobiology of Aging 34 (4) : 1090-1100 (2013)
AbstractPreviously, we reported a Ca2+/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent impairment of apoptosis induced by serum deprivation in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) lymphoblasts. These cell lines showed downregulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 activity and elevated content of p21 compared with control cells. The aim of this study was to delineate the molecular mechanism underlying the distinct regulation of p21 content in AD cells. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated increased p21 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in AD cells. The ERK1/2 inhibitor, PD98059, prevented death of control cells and enhanced p21 mRNA and protein levels. The CaM antagonist, calmidazolium, and the CaMKII inhibitor, KN-62, normalized the survival pattern of AD lymphoblasts by augmenting ERK1/2 activation and reducing p21 mRNA and protein levels. Upregulation of p21 transcription in AD cells appears to be the consequence of increased activity of forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) as the result of diminished ERK1/2-mediated phosphorylation of this transcription factor, which in turn facilitates its nuclear accumulation. Murine double minute 2 (MDM2) protein levels were decreased in AD cells relative to control lymphoblasts, suggesting an impairment of FOXO3a degradation
Description11 páginas, 9 figuras, 2 tablas -- PAGS nros. 1090-1100
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2012.10.014
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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