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Dynamics of mitochondrial [Ca2+] measured with the low-Ca2+ - affinity dye rhod-5N

AuthorsFuente, Sergio de la; Fonteriz, Rosalba I. ; Montero, Mayte ; Álvarez, Javier
Issue Date2012
CitationCell Calcium 51(1): 65-71 (2012)
AbstractAvailable methods to measure mitochondrial [Ca 2+] ([Ca 2+] M) include both targeted proteins and fluorescent dyes. Targeted proteins usually report much higher [Ca 2+] M values than fluorescent dyes, up to two orders of magnitude. However, we show here that the low-Ca 2+-affinity dye rhod-5N provides [Ca 2+] M values similar to those reported by targeted aequorin, suggesting that the discrepancies are mainly due to the higher Ca 2+-affinity of the fluorescent dyes used. We find rhod-5N has an apparent in situ intramitochondrial Kd around 0.5mM. Addition of Ca 2+ buffers containing between 4.5 and 10οM [Ca 2+] to permeabilized cells loaded with rhod-5N induced increases in calibrated [Ca 2+] M up to the 100οM-1mM range, which were dependent on mitochondrial membrane potential. Ca 2+ release from mitochondria was largely dependent on [Na +]. We have then used rhod-5N loaded cells to investigate the [Ca 2+] M response to agonist stimulation at the single-cell and subcellular level. The [Ca 2+] M peaks induced by histamine varied by nearly 10-fold among different cells, with a mean about 25οM. In the presence of the Ca 2+ uniporter stimulator kaempferol, the [Ca 2+] M peaks induced by histamine were also highly variable, and the mean [Ca 2+] M peak was 3-fold higher. Simultaneous measurement of cytosolic and mitochondrial [Ca 2+] peaks showed little correlation among the heights of the peaks in both compartments. Studying the [Ca 2+] M peaks at the subcellular level, we found significant heterogeneities among regions in the same cell. In particular, the [Ca 2+] M increase in mitochondrial regions close to the nucleus was more than double that of mitochondrial regions far from the nucleus. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ceca.2011.10.007
issn: 0143-4160
e-issn: 1532-1991
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