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Genetic legacies of mega-landslides: Cycles of isolation and contact across flank collapses in an oceanic island

AuthorsNoguerales, Víctor CSIC ORCID; Arjona, Yurena CSIC ORCID; García-Olivares, Víctor CSIC ORCID; Machado, Antonio; López, Heriberto CSIC ORCID ; Patiño, Jairo CSIC ORCID ; Emerson, Brent C. CSIC ORCID
flank collapse
insect diversity
Quaternary climatic oscillations
secondary contact
AGROVOC Thesauruslandslides
oceanic islands
Issue Date4-Apr-2024
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationMolecular Ecology, e17341: 1-13 (2024)
AbstractCatastrophic flank collapses are recognized as important drivers of insular biodiversity dynamics, through the disruption of species ranges and subsequent allopatric divergence. However, little empirical data supports this conjecture, with their evolutionary consequences remaining poorly understood. Using genome-wide data within a population genomics and phylogenomics framework, we evaluate how mega-landslides have impacted evolutionary and demographic history within a species complex of weevils (Curculionidae) within the Canary Island of Tenerife. We reveal a complex genomic landscape, within which individuals of single ancestry were sampled in areas characterized by long-term geological stability, relative to the timing of flank collapses. In contrast, individuals of admixed ancestry were almost exclusively sampled within the boundaries of flank collapses. Estimated divergence times among ancestral populations aligned with the timings of mega-landslide events. Our results provide first evidence for a cyclical dynamic of range fragmentation and secondary contact across flank collapse landscapes, with support for a model where this dynamic is mediated by Quaternary climate oscillations. The context within which we reveal climate and topography to interact cyclically through time to shape the geographic structure of genetic variation, together with related recent work, highlights the importance of topoclimatic phenomena as an agent of diversification within insular invertebrates.
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