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Sub-10 μm grain size, Ba1−xCaxTi0.9Zr0.1O3 (x = 0.10 and x = 0.15) piezoceramics processed using a reduced thermal treatment

AuthorsReyes-Montero, Armando; Pardo, Lorena ; López-Juárez, Rigoberto; González, A. M.; Rea-López, S. O.; Cruz, M. P.; Villafuerte-Castrejón, María-Elena
Issue Date2015
PublisherIOP Publishing
CitationSmart Materials and Structures 24(6): 065033 (2015)
AbstractThe solid-state synthesis of Ba1−xCaxTi0.9Zr0.1O3 (x = 0.10, 0.15) (BCTZ) powder and the processing method of ceramics, by the use of reduced synthesis time and temperature (1250 °C for 2 h), are reported. Homogeneous and dense (≥95%) ceramic microstructures with sub-10 μm grain size were obtained under all sintering conditions. A comparative study of their ferro-piezoelectric properties as a function of sintering temperatures is presented. The study shows the role of the grain size effect for improving both piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties of these materials. With an increase of the sintering temperature, grain growth was promoted; therefore, higher ferro-piezoelectric values were obtained (at 1400 °C, for x = 0.10: d33 = 300 pC/N, ${{d}_{31}}=-150\;{\rm pC}/{\rm N},$ kp = 48%; for x = 0.15: d33 = 410 pC/N, d31 =–154 pC/N, kp = 50%). In addition, a diffuse phase transition is observed in these BCTZ ceramics with a Curie temperature near 100 °C at 1 kHz.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/24/6/065033
Identifiersdoi: 10.1088/0964-1726/24/6/065033
e-issn: 1361-665X
issn: 0964-1726
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