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Antitumor activity of Lepidium latifolium and identification of the epithionitrile 1-cyano-2,3-epithiopropane as its major active component

AuthorsConde-Rioll, María; Gajate, Consuelo; Fernández, José J.; Villa-Pulgarín, J. A.; Napolitano, José G.; Norte, Manuel; Mollinedo, Faustino
Issue Date2018
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationMolecular Carcinogenesis 57(3): 347-360 (2018)
AbstractConsumption of Brassica (Cruciferae) vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of cancer, but identification of the active components and insights into the underlying molecular events are scarce. Here we found that an extract of Lepidium latifolium, a cruciferous plant native to southern Europe, Mediterranean countries and Asia, showed in vitro cytotoxic activity, inducing caspase-dependent apoptosis, in a variety of human tumor cells, and the plant juice showed in vivo antitumor activity in a HT-29 human colon cancer xenograft mouse model. The epithionitrile 1-cyano-2,3-epithiopropane (CETP) was identified as the major active cancer cell-killing principle of L. latifolium. Synthetic and plant-derived CETP displayed similar proapoptotic activities as assessed by biochemical and morphological analyses. Analysis of the antiproliferative capacity of CETP on a wide number of cancer cell lines from the NCI-60 cell line panel followed by COMPARE analysis, showed an activity profile different from known anticancer agents. Flow cytometry and biochemical analyses revealed that CETP-induced apoptosis involved mitochondria, as assessed by loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and generation of reactive oxygen species, while overexpression of Bcl-X and Bcl-2 prevented CETP-induced apoptosis. Inhibition of reactive oxygen species by glutathione and N-acetyl cysteine reduced the apoptotic response induced by CETP. FADD dominant negative form, blocking Fas/CD95 signaling, and a specific caspase-8 inhibitor also inhibited CETP-induced killing. Taken together, our data suggest that the cancer cell-killing action of CETP, involving both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathways, underlies the antitumor activity of L. latifolium plant, which could be of potential interest in cancer treatment.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/mc.22759
e-issn: 1098-2744
issn: 0899-1987
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