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Networking and R&D in domestic and FDI plants in Spanish electronics clusters

AutorHoll, Adelheid ; Rama Dellepiane, Ruth
Palabras claveBusiness networks
Multinational enterprises
Affiliates and domestic firms
Electronics sector
Regional agglomerations
Fecha de publicación2009
EditorInderscience Publishers
CitaciónInternational Journal of Strategic Business Alliances (IJSBA), vol. 1, no.2, 2009 (p.182-204)
ResumenTo fully understand foreign affiliates’ behaviour in regional agglomerations (hereafter RAs), we argue it would be useful to analyze the networking patterns of such affiliates in reference to domestic firms within the local market environment. Consequently, we examined 184 electronics plants, 2 both domestic and foreign, in three Spanish RAs. The FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) plants show patterns of cooperation similar to those of clustered domestic plants, involving joint R&D, outsourcing, and other types of inter-firm collaboration. FDI plants are, in some respects, less embedded in RAs than are domestic plants. Domestic market-seeking FDI’s, probably as a strategy to adapt products to the domestic market, tend to collaborate more with regional partners than do export-seeking FDI’s. FDI plants consider within-group subcontracting relationships as more important than do domestic multiplant companies. Nevertheless, the former apparently integrate both intra-firm and inter-firm subcontracting in their strategy. On the other hand, R&D-intensive FDI plants tend to stay away from collaboration with other companies, probably to avoid involuntary spillovers of their knowledge.
Versión del editorhttp://www.inderscience.com/search/index.php?action=record&rec_id=25354&prevQuery=&ps=10&m=or
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