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Confinement and surface effects on the physical properties of rhombohedral-shape hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanocrystals

AutorLuna, Carlos; Cuán-Guerra, Aída D.; Barriga-Castro, E. D.; Núñez, Nuria O. ; Mendoza-Reséndez, R.
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorPergamon Press
CitaciónMaterials Research Bulletin 80: 44- 52 (2016)
ResumenMorphological, microstructural and vibrational properties of hematite (α-FeO) nanocrystals with a rhombohedral shape and rounded edges, obtained by forced hydrolysis of iron(III) solutions under a fast nucleation, have been investigated in detail as a function of aging time. These studies allowed us to propose a detailed formation mechanism and revealed that these nanocrystals are composed of four {104} side facets, two {110} faces at the edges of the long diagonal of the nanocrystals and two {-441} facets as the top and bottom faces. Also, the presence of nanoscopic pores and fissures was evidenced. The vibrational bands of such nanocrystals were shifted to lower frequencies in comparison with bulk hematite ones as the nanocrystal size was reduced due to phonon confinement effects. Also, the indirect and direct transition band gaps displayed interesting dependences on the aging time arising from quantum confinement and surface effects
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/148777
DOI10.1016/j.materresbull.2016.03.029
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2016.03.029
issn: 0025-5408
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