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AN IMPROVED DISTANCE and MASS ESTIMATE for SGR A∗ from A MULTISTAR ORBIT ANALYSIS

AutorBoehle, A.; Schödel, Rainer; Witzel, G.
Palabras claveAstrometry
Galaxy: center
Infrared: stars
Quasars: supermassive black holes
Techniques: high angular resolution
Galaxy: fundamental parameters
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorAmerican Astronomical Society
CitaciónAstrophysical Journal 830(1): 17 (2016)
ResumenWe present new, more precise measurements of the mass and distance of our Galaxy's central supermassive black hole, Sgr A∗. These results stem from a new analysis that more than doubles the time baseline for astrometry of faint stars orbiting Sgr A∗, combining 2 decades of speckle imaging and adaptive optics data. Specifically, we improve our analysis of the speckle images by using information about a star's orbit from the deep adaptive optics data (2005-2013) to inform the search for the star in the speckle years (1995-2005). When this new analysis technique is combined with the first complete re-reduction of Keck Galactic Center speckle images using speckle holography, we are able to track the short-period star S0-38 (K-band magnitude = 17, orbital period = 19 yr) through the speckle years. We use the kinematic measurements from speckle holography and adaptive optics to estimate the orbits of S0-38 and S0-2 and thereby improve our constraints of the mass (M ) and distance (R ) of Sgr A∗: M = (4.02 ±0.16 ±0.04) x10 M and 7.86 ±0.14 ±0.04 kpc. The uncertainties in M and R as determined by the combined orbital fit of S0-2 and S0-38 are improved by a factor of 2 and 2.5, respectively, compared to an orbital fit of S0-2 alone and a factor of ∼2.5 compared to previous results from stellar orbits. This analysis also limits the extended dark mass within 0.01 pc to less than 0.13 x10 M at 99.7% confidence, a factor of 3 lower compared to prior work.© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
DescripciónA. Boehle et. al.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/17
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/147803
DOI10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/17
Identificadoresdoi: 10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/17
issn: 1538-4357
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