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Reconstructing the last interglacial at Summit, Greenland: Insights from GISP2

AutorYau, Audrey M.; Bender, Michael L.; Robinson, Alexander ; Brook, Edward J.
Palabras claveGreenland ice sheet
Last interglacial
Ice cores
Sea level rise
Fecha de publicación15-ago-2016
EditorNational Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
CitaciónProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(35): 9710-9715 (2016).
ResumenThe Eemian (last interglacial, 130–115 ka) was likely the warmest of all interglacials of the last 800 ka, with summer Arctic temperatures 3–5 °C above present. Here, we present improved Eemian climate records from central Greenland, reconstructed from the base of the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) ice core. Our record comes from clean, stratigraphically disturbed, and isotopically warm ice from 2,750 to 3,040 m depth. The age of this ice is constrained by measuring CH4 and δ18O of O2, and comparing with the historical record of these properties from the North Greenland Ice Core Project (NGRIP) and North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling (NEEM) ice cores. The δ18Oice, δ15N of N2, and total air content for samples dating discontinuously from 128 to 115 ka indicate a warming of ∼6 °C between 127–121 ka, and a similar elevation history between GISP2 and NEEM. The reconstructed climate and elevation histories are compared with an ensemble of coupled climate-ice-sheet model simulations of the Greenland ice sheet. Those most consistent with the reconstructed temperatures indicate that the Greenland ice sheet contributed 5.1 m (4.1–6.2 m, 95% credible interval) to global eustatic sea level toward the end of the Eemian. Greenland likely did not contribute to anomalously high sea levels at ∼127 ka, or to a rapid jump in sea level at ∼120 ka. However, several unexplained discrepancies remain between the inferred and simulated histories of temperature and accumulation rate at GISP2 and NEEM, as well as between the climatic reconstructions themselves.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1524766113
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/137231
DOI10.1073/pnas.1524766113
ISSN0027-8424
E-ISSN1091-6490
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