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dc.contributor.authorRoitman, Sheila-
dc.contributor.authorCornejo-Castillo, Francisco M.-
dc.contributor.authorSánchez, Pablo-
dc.contributor.authorAcinas, Silvia G.-
dc.contributor.authorBéjà, Oded-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1111/1462-2920.13036-
dc.identifierissn: 1462-2912-
dc.identifiere-issn: 1462-2920-
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental Microbiology 17(12): 5100-5108 (2015)-
dc.descriptionRoitman, Sheila ... et. al.-- 9 pages, 4 figures, supporting information http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13036.-- This is contribution number 30 of the Tara Oceans-
dc.description.abstractMarine photosynthesis is largely driven by cyanobacteria, namely Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus. Genes encoding for photosystem (PS) I and II reaction centre proteins are found in cyanophages and are believed to increase their fitness. Two viral PSI gene arrangements are known, psaJF→C→A→B→K→E→D and psaD→C→A→B. The shared genes between these gene cassettes and their encoded proteins are distinguished by %G + C and protein sequence respectively. The data on the psaD→C→A→B gene organization were reported from only two partial gene cassettes coming from Global Ocean Sampling stations in the Pacific and Indian oceans. Now we have extended our search to 370 marine stations from six metagenomic projects. Genes corresponding to both PSI gene arrangements were detected in the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans, confined to a strip along the equator (30°N and 30°S). In addition, we found that the predicted structure of the viral PsaA protein from the psaD→C→A→B organization contains a lumenal loop conserved in PsaA proteins from Synechococcus, but is completely absent in viral PsaA proteins from the psaJF→C→A→B→K→E→D gene organization and most Prochlorococcus strains. This may indicate a co-evolutionary scenario where cyanophages containing either of these gene organizations infect cyanobacterial ecotypes biogeographically restricted to the 30°N and 30°S equatorial strip-
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by funding from the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013/ under REA Grant Agreement No. 317184, European Commission ERC Advanced Grant No. 321647, and Israel Science Foundation Grant No. 580/10-
dc.publisherSociety for Applied Microbiology-
dc.titleClosing the gaps on the viral photosystem-I psaDCAB gene organization-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
dc.contributor.funderIsrael Science Fund-
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission-
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