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Título

Yield and yield components from intercropping improved bush bean cultivars with maize

AutorSantalla Ferradás, Marta; Casquero Luelmo, Pedro Antonio; Ron Pedreira, Antonio Miguel de
Palabras claveBush bean
Intercropping
Maize
Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Yield
Zea mays L
Fecha de publicaciónnov-1999
EditorWiley-VCH
CitaciónJournal of Agronomy and Crop Science 183 (4): 263–269 (1999)
ResumenBush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is widely intercropped with maize (Zea mays L.) in North-west Spain. Little information is available on the relative performance of elite bush bean cultivars when intercropped or on the effect of bush bean on performance of the maize crop. This two-environment study presents the interactions between improved bush bean cultivars and maize on yield and yield components. Eight treatments (four bean/maize intercrops and four sole crops, two of bean and two of maize) were tested using a randomized complete block design with four replications in two environments. Bean and maize were planted simultaneously in alternate rows when intercropped. Significant treatment differences were observed for bean and maize moisture, pod and cob percentage, bean and maize yield, ears per plant and ear length. Location effects were significant for bean and maize moisture and pod percentage. Significant treatment by location interactions occurred for pod percentage and ear length. Intercropping reduced yield by between 40 and 60 % for bush bean cultivars, and by 45 % for both maize cultivars. Mean yields were used to calculate the land equivalent ratio (LER), which averaged 1.01 in Pontevedra but 0.93 in La Coruña. Intercropping of bush bean with maize did not make better use of land than conventional sole cropping under these environmental conditions. It is suggested that this was probably due to the amount and distribution of rain in relation to crop growth. Approaches that might be expected to result in improved land usage are presented.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-037x.1999.00348.x
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/103298
DOI10.1046/j.1439-037x.1999.00348.x
ISSN0931-2250
E-ISSN1439-037X
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