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Title

Wild food plants traditionallly used in the province of Madrid, Central Spain.

AuthorsMorales Valverde, Ramón; Tardío, Javier; Pascual, Higinio
KeywordsEthnobotany
wild food plants
Spain
Madrid
Issue Date2005
PublisherSpringer
CitationEconomic Botany 59 (2) : p.122-136, 2005
Abstract[EN] This paper reports an ethnobotanical investigation, performed between 1999 and 2002, to determine the wild food plants traditionally used in the province of Madrid (central Spain). One hundred and twenty-three vascular species belonging to 31 families were at one time used as vegetables, wild fruits, in the making of beverages, as seasonings, or as other preparations. Wild vegetables formed the largest group, with Scolymus hispanicus, Silene vulgaris, and Rumex pulcher the most frequently cooked vegetables, and Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum and Montia fontana the most commonly used in salads. Also common was the consumption of asparagus and several species of climbing plants such as Bryonia dioica, Tamus communis, and Humulus lupulus. Ethnobotanical novelties included Sonchus crassifolius, the young sprouts of which were used in salads, and Inula salicina, used to make herbal tea. Some ecological and cultural aspects of the collection of wild plants for food are discussed, as well as the relationships between the food and medicinal uses of some species.
[ES]PLANTAS SILVESTRES ALIMENTARIAS USADAS TRADICIONALMENTE EN LA PROVINCIA DE MADRID, CENTRO DE ESPAN˜ A. En este trabajo se exponen los resultados obtenidos en un estudio etnobota´nico, realizado entre 1999 y 2002, sobre las plantas silvestres usadas tradicionalmente en la alimentacio ´n en la regio´n de Madrid, en el centro de Espan˜a. Se ha registrado el uso de 123 especies vasculares, pertenecientes a 31 familias, incluyendo verduras, frutos silvestres, plantas utilizadas para elaborar bebidas, condimentarias y otros usos alimentarios de menor entidad. El grupo de verduras es el ma´s numeroso, destacando por su mayor frecuencia de uso Scolymus hispanicus, Silene vulgaris y Rumex pulcher como verdura cocinada, ası´ como Rorippa nasturtium- aquaticum y Montia fontana para elaborar ensaladas. Igualmente esta´ bastante extendido el consumo como espa´rragos de diversas especies de plantas trepadoras, como Bryonia dioica, Tamus communis y Humulus lupulus. Entre las novedades etnobota´nicas destacamos el consumo en ensalada de los brotes tiernos de Sonchus crassifolius y de Inula salicina como infusio´n digestiva. Se discuten finalmente algunos aspectos ecolo´gicos y culturales de la recoleccio ´n de plantas silvestres, ası´ como la relacio´n entre los usos alimentarios y medicinales de algunas especies.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/66873
ISSN0013-0001
E-ISSN1874-9364
Appears in Collections:(RJB) Artículos
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