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Closed Access item Genetic structure and genetic relatedness of a hatchery stock of Senegal sole (Solea senegalensis) inferred by microsatellites
Porta, José María
Álvarez, M. Carmen
|Keywords:||Solea segenalensis, Microsatellites, Genetic variability, Relatedness|
|Citation:||Aquaculture 251(1): 46-55 (2006)|
|Abstract:||Solea senegalensis is a fish species in an early stage of domestication. A commercial hatchery in southern Spain experienced a dramatic failure in spawning and embryo survival, after incorporation into the broodstock of fish reared in their hatchery. To assess the impact of management on the stock quality, a population genetics study was made of adult broodstock present at this hatchery in 2000. The broodstock was composed of a group of fish of wild origin and two more groups from F1 progeny. A set of eight microsatellite loci was used to compare genetic variability among the three groups and to establish the relationships between pairs of individuals within each group.
Individuals from F1 origin showed a substantial reduction in genetic variability when compared to those from the wild. There was a greater than 50% decrease in the number of alleles per locus corrected by sample size and 16% and 26% reductions in He values in the two F1 groups, respectively. The degree of genetic relationship between individuals, evaluated by the relatedness estimator, rxy, and by graphical approaches, revealed a high proportion, almost 75%, of full-sibs and half-sibs in both F1 groups, which might account for the reduction in overall variability. The high proportion of siblings also suggests a reproductive pattern in this stock in which few individuals breed successfully. This mating behaviour, along with factors inherent to selection and management systems, might be responsible for the negative effects on the reproductive capacity of the stock.|
|Description:||10 páginas, 4 figuras, 2 tablas.|
|Publisher version (URL):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.05.019|
|Appears in Collections:||(ICMAN) Artículos|
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