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Analysis of DNA processing reactions in bacterial conjugation by using suicide oligonucleotides

AuthorsGonzález-Pérez, Blanca; Lucas, María; Cooke, Leonie A.; Vyle, Joseph S.; Cruz, Fernando de la ; Moncalián, Gabriel
Keywords3'-S-phosphorothiolate-containing oligonucleotides
Bacterial conjugation
Issue Date26-Jul-2007
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationEMBO Journal 26(16): 3847-3857 (2007)
AbstractProtein TrwC is the conjugative relaxase responsible for DNA processing in plasmid R388 bacterial conjugation. TrwC has two catalytic tyrosines, Y18 and Y26, both able to carry out cleavage reactions using unmodified oligonucleotide substrates. Suicide substrates containing a 3'-S-phosphorothiolate linkage at the cleavage site displaced TrwC reaction towards covalent adducts and thereby enabled intermediate steps in relaxase reactions to be investigated. Two distinct covalent TrwC–oligonucleotide complexes could be separated from noncovalently bound protein by SDS–PAGE. As observed by mass spectrometry, one complex contained a single, cleaved oligonucleotide bound to Y18, whereas the other contained two cleaved oligonucleotides, bound to Y18 and Y26. Analysis of the cleavage reaction using suicide substrates and Y18F or Y26F mutants showed that efficient Y26 cleavage only occurs after Y18 cleavage. Strand-transfer reactions carried out with the isolated Y18–DNA complex allowed the assignment of specific roles to each tyrosine. Thus, only Y18 was used for initiation. Y26 was specifically used in the second transesterification that leads to strand transfer, thus catalyzing the termination reaction that occurs in the recipient cell.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.emboj.7601806
Appears in Collections:(IBBTEC) Artículos
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