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Insights into epigenetic regulation of microRNA-155 expression in multiple myeloma

AuthorsKrzemiński, Patryk; Sarasquete, María Eugenia; Misiewicz-Krzeminska, Irena; Corral, Rocío; Corchete, Luis A.; Martín, Ana-África; García-Sanz, Ramón; San Miguel, Jesús F. ; Gutiérrez, Norma Carmen
KeywordsMultiple myeloma
DNA methylation
Issue Date2015
CitationBiochimica et Biophysica Acta 1849(3): 353-366 (2015)
Abstract[Context]: MiR-155 plays a critical role in the development of B-cell malignancies. Previous studies have shown a deregulation of miR-155 in specific cytogenetic subtypes of multiple myeloma (MM). However, the mechanisms that regulate miR-155 expression in MM are not fully understood. [Objective]: In the present study, we explored the regulation of miRNA-155 in MM by DNA methylation mechanisms and the impact of miR-155 expression in survival of MM patients. [Method]: Primary samples were obtained from 95 patients with newly diagnosed myeloma. Methylation was analyzed by Methylation Specific PCR, sequencing of bisulfite treated DNA and luciferase assay. [Results]: qRT-PCR analysis revealed that miR-155 was differentially expressed in MM and its upregulation was associated with longer survival. DNA methylation of CpG island present in the first exon of miR-155 host gene was associated with its low expression in MM cell lines and patient samples. Our results showed for the first time that in vitro methylation of part of the promoter and first exon abrogated the miR-155 expression. We further showed that miR-155 expression in MM cell lines was increased by demethylating 5-aza-dC treatment and decreased by RNA-directed DNA methylation. Additionally, we found that LPS >immunological challenge> was insufficient to induce miR-155 expression in MM cell lines with methylated DNA around transcription start site (TSS). [Conclusion]: This study provides evidence that DNA methylation contributes to miR-155 expression in myeloma cells. Interestingly, the survival data showed an association between miR-155 expression and outcome of MM.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2014.12.002
issn: 0006-3002
Appears in Collections:(IBMCC) Artículos
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