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Catalytic behavior of alkali-treated Pt/HMOR in n-hexane hydroisomerization

AutorMonteiro, R.; Ovín Ania, María Concepción ; Rocha, J.; Carvalho, A.P.; Martins, A.
Palabras claveMOR
Desilication
Bi-functional catalysts
Acidity
Platinum
n-Hexane hydroisomerization
Fecha de publicaciónabr-2014
EditorElsevier
CitaciónApplied Catalysis A - General 476: 148-157 (2014)
ResumenBifunctional Pt-HMOR catalysts were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation of various desilicated MOR obtained by alkaline treatment using NaOH concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 M. The zeolite structural changes upon modification were investigated by several techniques including powder X-ray diffraction, 27Al and 29Si MAS-NMR spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, pyridine adsorption followed by infrared spectroscopy and the catalytic model reaction of m-xylene transformation. For low alkaline concentration the zeolite acidity is preserved, along with a slight increase of the volume correspondent to the larger micropores due to the removal of extra-framework debris already existent at the parent zeolite. At higher NaOH concentrations there is a significant loss of crystalinity and acidity as well as the formation of mesoporosity. The characterization of the metal function shows similar patterns for Pt-HMOR and Pt-M/0.1 samples, with Pt particles located mainly inside the inner porosity. In contrast, large Pt particles become visible at the intercrystalline mesoporosity of MOR crystals developed during the desilication treatments at severe alkaline conditions. The catalytic results obtained for n-hexane hydroisomerization showed an improved selectivity for dibranched over monobranched isomers for Pt-M/0.1 sample, likely due to the preservation of the support acidity and the slight enlargement of the micropores. This work is a new example in which the mesoporous development does not improve the catalytic efficiency of the zeolites, whereas mild alkaline desilication might be considered as an effective solution to produce customized catalysts with enhanced performance for a given application.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2014.02.026
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/99594
DOI10.1016/j.apcata.2014.02.026
ISSN0926-860X
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