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Sumoylation of AMPKβ2 subunit enhances AMP-activated protein kinase activity

AuthorsRubio, Teresa ; Vernia, Santiago ; Sanz, Pascual
Issue Date3-Apr-2013
PublisherAmerican Society for Cell Biology
CitationMolecular Biology of the Cell; 24(11):1801-11, S1-4. (2013)
AbstractAMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a sensor of cellular energy status. It is a heterotrimer composed of a catalytic α and two regulatory subunits (β and γ). AMPK activity is regulated allosterically by AMP and by the phosphorylation of residue Thr-172 within the catalytic domain of the AMPKα subunit by upstream kinases. We present evidence that the AMPKβ2 subunit may be posttranslationally modified by sumoylation. This process is carried out by the E3-small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) ligase protein inhibitor of activated STAT PIASy, which modifies the AMPKβ2 subunit by the attachment of SUMO2 but not SUMO1 moieties. Of interest, AMPKβ1 is not a substrate for this modification. We also demonstrate that sumoylation of AMPKβ2 enhances the activity of the trimeric α2β2γ1 AMPK complex. In addition, our results indicate that sumoylation is antagonist and competes with the ubiquitination of the AMPKβ2 subunit. This adds a new layer of complexity to the regulation of the activity of the AMPK complex, since conditions that promote ubiquitination result in inactivation, whereas those that promote sumoylation result in the activation of the AMPK complex
Description10 págimas, 9 figuras. Material suplementario online en: http://www.molbiolcell.org/content/suppl/2013/04/01/mbc.E12-11-0806v1.DC1.html
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E12-11-0806
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