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Iron deficiency enhances the levels of ascorbate, glutathione, and related enzymes in sugar beet roots

AuthorsBuhner-Zaharieva, Tatiana ; Abadía Bayona, Javier
Beta vulgaris
Glutathione reductase
Iron deficiency
Ascorbate free-radical reductase
Issue DateJun-2003
CitationProtoplasma 221 (3-4): 269-275 (2003)
AbstractThe effects of Fe deficiency stress on the levels of ascorbate and glutathione, and on the activities of the enzymes ferric chelate reductase, glutathione reductase (EC, ascorbate free-radical reductase (EC and ascorbate peroxidase (EC, have been investigated in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) roots. Plasma membrane vesicles and cytosolic fractions were isolated from the roots of the plants grown in nutrient solutions in the absence or presence of Fe for two weeks. Plants responded to Fe deficiency not only with a 20-fold increase in root ferric chelate reductase activity, but also with moderately increased levels of the general reductants ascorbate (2-fold) and glutathione (1.6-fold). The enzymes of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle in roots were also affected by Fe deficiency. Glutathione reductase activity was enhanced 1.4-fold with Fe deficiency, associated to an increased ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione, from 3.1 to 5.2. The plasma membrane fraction from iron-deficient roots showed 1.7-fold higher ascorbate free-radical reductase activity, whereas in the cytosolic fraction the enzyme activity was not affected by Fe deficiency. The activity of the cytosolic hemoprotein ascorbate peroxidase decreased approximately by 50% with Fe deprivation. These results show that sugar beet responds to Fe deficiency with metabolic changes affecting components of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle in root cells. This suggests that the ascorbate-glutathione cycle would play certain roles in the general Fe deficiency stress responses in strategy I plants.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-002-0051-6
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00709-002-0051-6
issn: 0033-183X
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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