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Evolutionary computation for climate and ocean forecasting: <El Niño forecasting>

AuthorsÁlvarez-Díaz, Alberto ; Vélez, Pedro; Orfila, Alejandro ; Vizoso, Guillermo ; Tintoré, Joaquín
Issue Date2002
CitationElsevier Oceanography Series 66(C): 489-494 (2002)
AbstractIt has been recently postulated that the irregular dynamics of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) may embed a low order chaotic process12. If true, some aspects of the ENSO variability are predictable. Here, from observations of the annual average Sea Surface Temperature (SST) of the tropical Pacific Ocean (1949-1981) and using an evolutionary genetic analysis, we characterise the chaotic nature of ENSO. The mathematical model of the ENSO dynamics obtained is cross-validated with the observations for the next fifteen years (1982-1997). The extracted ENSO dynamics show a chaotic behaviour characterised by a correlation dimension d=3.5, in agreement with numerical simulations{2}. An eight years forecast (1997-2005) of the ENSO shows a strong cooling (La Nina) during 1999 and a significant El Niño in 2001. Finally, a longer term forecast reveals a warming of about 0.2 Celsius per century that might be associated with very low frequency variability of ENSO. © 2002 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/S0422-9894(02)80055-1
issn: 0422-9894
Appears in Collections:(IMEDEA) Artículos
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