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Título

Chitosan scaffolds containing calcium phosphate salts and rhBMP-2: In vitro and in vivo testing for bone tissue regeneration

Autor Guzmán, Rodrigo ; Nardecchia, Stefania ; Gutiérrez, María C. ; Ferrer, M. Luisa ; Ramos, Viviana; Monte, Francisco del ; Abarrategi, Ander; López-Lacomba, José Luis
Fecha de publicación 2014
EditorPublic Library of Science
Citación PLoS ONE 9(2): e87419 (2014)
ResumenNumerous strategies that are currently used to regenerate bone depend on employing biocompatible materials exhibiting a scaffold structure. These scaffolds can be manufactured containing particular active compounds, such as hydroxyapatite precursors and/or different growth factors to enhance bone regeneration process. Herein, we have immobilized calcium phosphate salts (CPS) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) - combined or alone - into chitosan scaffolds using ISISA process. We have analyzed whether the immobilized bone morphogenetic protein preserved its osteoinductive capability after manufacturing process as well as BMP-2 in vitro release kinetic. We have also studied both the in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of the resulting scaffolds using a rabbit model. Results indicated that rhBMP-2 remained active in the scaffolds after the manufacturing process and that its release kinetic was different depending on the presence of CPS. In vitro and in vivo findings showed that cells grew more in scaffolds with both CPS and rhBMP-2 and that these scaffolds induced more bone formation in rabbit tibia. Thus chitosan scaffolds containing both CPS and rhBMP-2 were more osteoinductive than their counterparts alone indicating that could be useful for bone regeneration purposes, such as some applications in dentistry. Copyright: © 2014 Guzmán et al.
Descripción This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087149
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/98788
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0087149
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087149
issn: 1932-6203
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