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Thermoplastic and solid-like electrolytes with liquid-like ionic conductivity based on poly(ethylene oxide) nanocomposites

AuthorsMejía, Alberto ; García, Nuria ; Guzmán, Julio ; Tiemblo, Pilar
KeywordsPoly(ethylene oxide)
Issue Date2014
CitationSolid State Ionics 261: 74- 80 (2014)
AbstractA series of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)/lithium trifluoromethanesulfonate (LiTf)/ethylene carbonate (EC)/sepiolite composite electrolytes have been prepared by melt compounding, using neat sepiolite (Sep), sepiolite coated with polyethylene glycol (PEG-Sep) and with d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS-Sep) as fillers. The composites (weight ratio EC:PEO ~ 1) present ionic conductivity close to 10- 3 S cm- 1 at 30 °C, i.e. close to liquid electrolytes. Their crystallization and viscoelasticity were investigated evidencing a very complex phase structure and rheological behaviour, both of which dramatically depend on the type of nanofiller introduced in the blend. In the absence of TPGS-Sep as filler, the composites slowly separate into EC-rich and PEO-rich macrophases, what is visually evident in a two month time scale. With TPGS-Sep, the electrolytes are solid-like even at temperatures well above the PEO melting temperature range and do not phase separate in at least two years, constituting a homogeneous and stable blend which keeps its properties for long time periods. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ssi.2014.03.032
issn: 0167-2738
Appears in Collections:(ICTP) Artículos
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