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Effects of two iron sources on iron and cadmium allocation in poplar (Populus alba) plants exposed to cadmium

AuthorsFodor, Ferenc; Gáspár, László; Morales Iribas, Fermín ; Gogorcena Aoiz, Yolanda ; Lucena, Juan J.; Cseh, Edit; Kröpfl, Krisztina; Abadía Bayona, Javier ; Sárvári, Éva
KeywordsIron deficiency
Nutrient solution
Heavy metals
Chelating agents
Cadmium toxicity
Issue DateSep-2005
PublisherHeron Publishing
CitationTree Physiology 25 (9): 1173-1180 (2005)
AbstractEffects of 10 μM cadmium (supplied as Cd nitrate) on the utilization and allocation of iron (Fe) were investigated in poplar (Populus alba L.) plants grown in nutrient solution with Fe(III)-EDTA or Fe(III)-citrate as the Fe source. The effects of Cd were also compared with those of Fe deprivation. The accumulation of Fe in roots was 10-fold higher in plants grown with Fe-citrate than with Fe-EDTA. Cadmium decreased leaf chlorophyll concentrations and photosynthetic rates, and these decreases were more marked in plants grown with Fe-citrate than with Fe-EDTA. In both Fe treatments, addition of Cd caused large increases in root and shoot apoplasmic and non-apoplasmic Cd contents and increases in root Fe content; however, Cd decreased shoot Fe content, especially in plants grown with Fe-citrate. New leaves of plants grown with Fe-citrate had small cellular (non-apoplasmic) Fe pools, whereas these pools were large in new leaves of plants grown with Fe-EDTA. Non-apoplasmic Cd pools in new leaves were smaller in plants grown with Fe-citrate than with Fe-EDTA, indicating that inactivation of non-apoplasmic Cd pools is facilitated more by Fe-EDTA than by Fe-citrate. In the presence of Cd, Fe-EDTA was also superior to Fe-citrate in maintaining an adequate Fe supply to poplar shoots. Differences in plant responses to Fe-EDTA and Fe-citrate may reflect differences in long-distance transport of Fe rather than in acquisition of Fe by roots.
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