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Title

Field measurements of the atmospheric dry deposition fluxes and velocities of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the global oceans

AuthorsGonzález-Gaya, Belén; Zúñiga-Rival, Javier; Ojeda, María José; Jiménez, Begoña; Dachs, Jordi
Issue Date2014
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationEnvironmental Science and Technology 48: 5583- 5592 (2014)
AbstractThe atmospheric dry deposition fluxes of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been measured, for the first time, in the tropical and subtropical Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Depositional fluxes for fine (0.7-2.7 μm) and coarse (>2.7 μm) aerosol fractions were simultaneously determined with the suspended aerosol phase concentrations, allowing the determination of PAH deposition velocities (vD). PAH dry deposition fluxes (FDD) bound to coarse aerosols were higher than those of fine aerosols for 83% of the measurements. Average FDD for total (fine + coarse) ∑16PAHs (sum of 16 individual PAHs) ranged from 8.33 ng m-2d-1 to 52.38 ng m-2d-1. Mean FDD for coarse aerosols individual PAHs ranged between 0.13 ng m -2d-1 (Perylene) and 1.96 ng m-2d-1 (Methyl Pyrene), and for the fine aerosol fraction these ranged between 0.06 ng m-2d-1 (Dimethyl Pyrene) and 1.25 ng m-2d -1 (Methyl Chrysene). The estimated deposition velocities went from the highest mean vD for Methyl Chrysene (0.17-13.30 cm s -1), followed by Dibenzo(ah)Anthracene (0.29-1.38 cm s-1), and other high MW PAHs to minimum values of vD for Dimethyl Pyrene (<0.04 cm s-1) and Pyrene (<0.06 cm s-1). Dry depositional processes depend on the concentration of PAHs in the suspended aerosol, but also on physicochemical properties and environmental variables (vapor pressure, wind speed, and on the affinity of aerosols for depositing to the sea surface). Empirical parametrizations are proposed to predict the dry depositional velocities of semivolatile organic compounds to the global oceans. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/98479
DOI10.1021/es500846p
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/es500846p
issn: 0013-936X
e-issn: 1520-5851
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(IDAEA) Artículos
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