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A particle tracking velocimetry technique for drop characterization in agricultural sprinklers

AuthorsBautista-Capetillo, Carlos F.; Robles Rovelo, Octavio; Salinas-Tapia, H.; Playán Jubillar, Enrique CSIC ORCID
Issue DateNov-2014
CitationBautista-Capetillo C, Robles O, Salinas H, Playán E. A particle tracking velocimetry technique for drop characterization in agricultural sprinklers. Irrigation Science 32 (6): 437-447 (2014)
AbstractA variety of techniques have been proposed in the literature for sprinkler drop characterization. An optical particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) technique is proposed in this paper to determine drop velocity, diameter and angle. The technique has been applied to the drops emitted by an isolated impact sprinkler equipped with two nozzles (diameters 3.20 and 4.37 mm) operating at a pressure of 175 kPa. PTV has been previously used to determine the velocity vector of different types of particles. In this research, PTV was used to photograph sprinkler drops over a region illuminated with laser light. Photographs were taken at four horizontal distances from the sprinkler, which was located at an elevation of 1.65 m over the soil surface. Drop angle and velocity were derived from the displacement of the drop centroid in two images separated by a short time step. Centrality and dispersion parameters were obtained for each drop variable and observation point. Results derive from the analysis of 2,360 images. Only 37.5 % of them (884 images) contained drops which could be processed by the PTV algorithm, resulting in a total of 3,782 drops. A filtering algorithm just validated 1,893 valid drops, which were successfully analyzed. The proposed technique uses expensive equipment requiring continued protection against irrigation water. This methodology has proven valuable to characterize irrigation water drops. Despite its robust measurement procedure, further comparison with other techniques seems necessary before this optical technique can be recommended for practical use in sprinkler drop characterization.
DescriptionPags.- 1 Tabl.- 9 Figs. Published online: 7 June 2014. The definitive version is available at: http://link.springer.com/journal/271
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00271-014-0440-6
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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