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Título

Influence of plant genetic diversity on interactions between higher trophic levels

Autor Moreira Tomé, Xoaquín; Mooney, Kailen A.
Palabras clave Baccharis salicifolia
Aphid-tending ants
Monocultures
Parasitic wasps
Polycultures
Ant-tended aphids
Fecha de publicación 23-jun-2013
EditorRoyal Society (Great Britain)
Citación Biology Letters 9(3): (2013)
ResumenAbstract While the ecological consequences of plant diversity have received much attention, the mechanisms by which intraspecific diversity affects associated communities remains understudied. We report on a field experiment documenting the effects of patch diversity in the plant Baccharis salicifolia (genotypic monocultures versus polycultures of four genotypes), ants (presence versus absence) and their interaction on ant-tended aphids, ants and parasitic wasps, and the mechanistic pathways by which diversity influences their multi-trophic interactions. Five months after planting, polycultures (versus monocultures) had increased abundances of aphids (threefold), ants (3.2-fold) and parasitoids (1.7-fold) owing to non-additive effects of genetic diversity. The effect on aphids was direct, as plant genetic diversity did not mediate ant-aphid, parasitoid-aphid or ant-parasitoid interactions. This increase in aphid abundance occurred even though plant growth (and thus aphid resources) was not higher in polycultures. The increase in ants and parasitoids was an indirect effect, due entirely to higher aphid abundance. Ants reduced parasitoid abundance by 60 per cent, but did not affect aphid abundance or plant growth, and these top-down effects were equivalent between monocultures and polycultures. In summary, intraspecific plant diversity did not increase primary productivity, but nevertheless had strong effects across multiple trophic levels, and effects on both herbivore mutualists and enemies could be predicted entirely as an extension of plant-herbivore interactions.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2013.0133
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/98177
DOI10.1098/rsbl.2013.0133
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1098/rsbl.2013.0133
issn: 1744-9561
e-issn: 1744-957X
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