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Título

Performance and seed quality of local Moroccan sunflower varieties and Spanish landraces used for confectionary and snack food

Autor Nabloussi, Abdelghani; Fernández de la Cuesta, Álvaro ; El-Fechtali, M.; Fernández Martínez, José María ; Velasco Varo, Leonardo
Fecha de publicación oct-2011
EditorInternational Sunflower Association
Citación International Symposium on Sunflower Genetic Resources (2011)
ResumenSunflower seeds are one of the most important sources of vegetable oil in the world. Additionally,they are used for confectionary and snack food as well as for bird and pet food. Sunflowergermplasm used for food differs between Morocco and Spain. Whereas sunflower seeds used forfood in Morocco are mainly obtained from oilseed cultivars with black achenes and high oil content,those used in Spain derive from confectionary cultivars and landraces with black and white stripedachenes and low oil content. The objective of this research was to evaluate the performance andseed quality of Moroccan and Spanish sunflower germplasm used for food. Six cultivars from Morocco and six landraces from Spain were evaluated in replicated field trials in Meknès (Morocco) and Córdoba (Spain) in 2009. Seed yield, oil content, achene weight, kernel percentage, fatty acid profile, tocopherol content and profile, and phytosterol content and profile were measured.Differences between cultivars were observed for most of the traits, though such differences were notalways related to the cultivar type, i.e. oilseed vs. confectionary.
Descripción Trabajo presentado en el International Symposium on Sunflower Genetic Resources, celebrado en Kusadasi (Turquía) del 16 al 20 de octubre de 2011.
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/98152
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