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Title

Constitutive defenses and damage in Sitka spruce progeny obtained from crosses between white pine weevil resistant and susceptible parents

AuthorsMoreira Tomé, Xoaquín ; Alfaro, René I.; King, John N.
KeywordsResin canals
Pissodes strobi
Sclereid cells
Tree resistance
Picea sitchensis
Controlled-cross progeny
Issue Date1-Jan-2012
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationForestry 85(1): 87- 97 (2012)
AbstractAttack by the white pine weevil has notably reduced Sitka spruce productivity in British Columbia (BC) (Canada) and western US. By the 1970s, the BC Ministry of Forests established provenance trials of Sitka spruce with the objective of detecting usable genetic resistance to weevil. These early trials reported significant weevil resistance and allowed the production of the first (F1) controlled-cross progeny generation with demonstrable weevil resistance (R) or susceptibility (S). This study reports results of the screening for weevil resistance and the levels of constitutive defenses of this F1 Sitka spruce progeny. Progeny from resistant parents (R × R progeny) sustained significantly fewer weevil attacks than progeny from susceptible parents (S × S progeny) or progeny with one resistant and one susceptible parent (R × S progeny). Individual and family heritability estimates of the weevil resistance were 0.5 and 0.9, respectively. Constitutive defenses, measured by resin canal and sclereid cell density in the cortex, were significantly higher in R × R progeny than in R × S or S × S progeny. We observed a negative correlation between the percentage of trees attacked in each cross and the average density of the resin canals or sclereid cells for each cross. © 2012 Institute of Chartered Foresters. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpr060
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/98125
DOI10.1093/forestry/cpr060
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/forestry/cpr060
issn: 0015-752X
e-issn: 1464-3626
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