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Nonuniversality of the dispersion interaction: analytic benchmarks for van der Waals energy functionals

AuthorsDobson, J. F.; White, Angela; Rubio, Angel
Issue Date2005
PublisherCornell University
AbstractWe highlight the non-universality of the asymptotic behavior of dispersion forces, such that a sum of inverse sixth power contributions is often inadequate. We analytically evaluate the cross-correlation energy Ec between two pi-conjugated layers separated by a large distance D within the electromagnetically non-retarded Random Phase Approximation, via a tight-binding model. For two perfect semimetallic graphene sheets at T=0K we find Ec = C D^{-3}, in contrast to the "insulating" D^{-4} dependence predicted by currently accepted approximations. We also treat the case where one graphene layer is replaced by a thin metal, a model relevant to the exfoliation of graphite. Our general considerations also apply to nanotubes, nanowires and layered metals.
Publisher version (URL)http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0502422
Appears in Collections:(CFM) Artículos
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