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Nitrogen nutrition influences some biochemical responses to iron deficiency in tolerant and sensitive genotypes of Vitis

AuthorsJiménez Tarodo, Sergio ; Gogorcena Aoiz, Yolanda ; Hévin, Cyril; Rombolà, Adamo Domenico; Ollat, Nathalie
Rhizosphere acidification
Organic acids
Ferric chelate reductase
Issue Date2007
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
CitationPlant and Soil 290 (1-2): 343-355 (2007)
AbstractThe effects of nitrogen source on iron deficiency responses were investigated in two Vitis genotypes, one tolerant to limestone chlorosis Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis vinifera cv.) and the other susceptible Gloire de Montpellier (Vitis riparia cv.). Plants were grown with or without Fe(III)-EDTA, and with NO 3 - alone or a mixture of NO 3 - and NH 4 + . Changes in pH of the nutrient solution and root ferric chelate reductase (FC-R) activity were monitored over one week. We carried out quantitative metabolic profiling (1H-NMR) and determined the activity of enzymes involved in organic acid metabolism in root tips. In iron free-solutions, with NO 3 - as the sole nitrogen source, the typical Fe-deficiency response reactions as acidification of the growth medium and enhanced FC-R activity in the roots were observed only in the tolerant genotype. Under the same nutritional conditions, organic acid accumulation (mainly citrate and malate) was found for both genotypes. In the presence of NH4+, the sensitive genotype displayed some decrease in pH of the growth medium and an increase in FC-R activity. For both genotypes, the presence of NH 4 + ions decreased significantly the organic acid content of roots. Both Vitis genotypes were able to take up NH 4 + from the nutrient solution, regardless of their sensitivity to iron deficiency. The presence of N-NH 4 + modified typical Fe stress responses in tolerant and sensitive Vitis genotypes. © 2006 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-006-9166-4
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s11104-006-9166-4
issn: 0032-079X
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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