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Foliar fertilization with zinc in pecan trees

AuthorsOjeda-Barrios, Dámaris L.; Perea-Portillo, Eloísa; Hernández-Rodríguez, Adriana; Ávila-Quezada, Graciela; Abadía Bayona, Javier CSIC ORCID ; Lombardini, Leonardo
KeywordsCarya illinoinensis
Foliar application
Leaf mineral composition
Issue DateMay-2014
PublisherAmerican Society for Horticultural Science
CitationOjeda-Barrios DL, Perea-Portillo E, Hernández-Rodríguez OA, Ávila-Quezada G, Abadía J, Lombardini L. Foliar fertilization with zinc in pecan trees. Hortscience 49 (5): 562-566 (2014)
AbstractThe objective of this study was to assess the changes in leaflet zinc (Zn), leaf nutritional state, vegetative and physiological parameters, and yield quality in pecan trees sprayed with different Zn compounds. Eight-year-old ‘Western Schley’ pecan trees grafted to native seedlings were treated with ZnNO3 (100 mg·L−1 Zn), Zn-EDTA (50, 100, and 150 mg·L−1 Zn), and Zn-DTPA (100 mg·L−1 Zn) and compared with the Zn-untreated control. After 3 years of evaluation, the trees with the best appearance were those treated with ZnNO3 (100 mg·L−1 Zn) and Zn-DTPA (100 mg·L−1 Zn), which showed leaf Zn concentration increases of 73% and 69%, respectively, when compared with the controls. The chlorophyll values of the Zn-treated trees reached 46 SPAD units, equivalent to 43 mg·kg−1 dry weight (DW) of chlorophyll compared with values of 22 mg·kg−1 DW in Zn-deficient leaves. On a leaf area basis, chlorophyll value was 37% lower under Zn deficiency conditions than that of Zn-treated trees. Nut quality was unaffected by the Zn treatments. Data suggest that Zn-DTPA and Zn-NO3 are good options to carry out foliar Zn fertilization in pecan trees.
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