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Title

Thioredoxin m4 controls photosynthetic alternative electron pathways in Arabidopsis

AuthorsCourteille, Agathe; Vesa, Simona; Sanz Barrio, Ruth; Cazalé, Anne-Claire; Becuwe-Linka, Noëlle; Farrán, Inmaculada ; Havaux, Michel; Rey, Pascal; Rumeau, Dominique
Issue Date14-Nov-2012
PublisherAmerican Society of Plant Biologists
CitationPlant Physiology 161: 508- 520 (2012)
AbstractIn addition to the linear electron flow, a cyclic electron flow (CEF) around photosystem I occurs in chloroplasts. In CEF, electrons flow back from the donor site of photosystem I to the plastoquinone pool via two main routes: one that involves the Proton Gradient Regulation5 (PGR5)/PGRL1 complex (PGR) and one that is dependent of the NADH dehydrogenase-like complex. While the importance of CEF in photosynthesis and photoprotection has been clearly established, little is known about its regulation. We worked on the assumption of a redox regulation and surveyed the putative role of chloroplastic thioredoxins (TRX). Using Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) mutants lacking different TRX isoforms, we demonstrated in vivo that TRXm4 specifically plays a role in the down-regulation of the NADH dehydrogenase-like complex-dependent plastoquinone reduction pathway. This result was confirmed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants overexpressing the TRXm4 orthologous gene. In vitro assays performed with isolated chloroplasts and purified TRXm4 indicated that TRXm4 negatively controls the PGR pathway as well. The physiological significance of this regulation was investigated under steady-state photosynthesis and in the pgr5 mutant background. Lack of TRXm4 reversed the growth phenotype of the pgr5 mutant, but it did not compensate for the impaired photosynthesis and photoinhibition sensitivity. This suggests that the physiological role of TRXm4 occurs in vivo via a mechanism distinct from direct up-regulation of CEF. © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/97681
DOI10.1104/pp.112.207019
Identifiersdoi: 10.1104/pp.112.207019
issn: 0032-0889
Appears in Collections:(IDAB) Artículos
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