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Pathogenicity and Host-Parasite Relationships of Meloidogyne arenaria in Sweet Basil

AuthorsVovlas, Nicola; Troccoli, Alberto; Minuto, A.; Bruzzone, C.; Sasanelli, N.; Castillo, Pablo
Ocimum basilicum
Issue DateSep-2008
PublisherAmerican Phytopathological Society
CitationPlant Disease 92(9): 1329-1335 (2008)
AbstractStunted growth of sweet basil (cv. Genovese) associated with large patches and severe soil infestations by the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne arenaria race 2 were observed in open fields at the end of the crop-growing season in Albenga, province of Savona, Northern Italy by early September 2007. Observed morphological traits of nematode life stages and results of analysis of isozyme electrophoretic patterns and differential host tests were used for nematode species and race identification. Nematode-induced mature galls (either in naturally infected plants or in artificially inoculated root tissues) were spherical or ellipsoidal and confluent along the root axis, containing usually several females, males, and egg-masses with eggs. Feeding sites were characterized by the development of giant cells that contained several hypertrophied nuclei and nucleoli. Giant cell cytoplasm was aggregated along the thickened cell walls. Vascular elements within galls appeared disorganized and disrupted. Due to the heavy damage observed, the relationships between the initial population density and growth of basil plants was also tested in a greenhouse experiment in which inoculum levels varied from 0 to 512 eggs and juveniles/cm3 of soil. Height and top fresh weight data of the inoculated and control plants was fitted to Seinhorst's model. Tolerance limits with respect to plant height and fresh top weight of basil cv. Genovese plants to M. arenaria race 2 were estimated as 0.15 eggs and juveniles/cm3 of soil. The minimum relative values (m) for plant height and top fresh weight were 0.39 and 0.19 at initial nematode population density (Pi) ≥16 eggs and juveniles/cm3 of soil, respectively. The maximum nematode reproduction rate (Pf/Pi) was 448.7 times at an initial population density of 4 eggs and second-stage juveniles/cm3 of soil.
Description7 pages.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-92-9-1329
Appears in Collections:(IAS) Artículos
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