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Klebsiella pneumoniae targets an EGF receptor-dependent pathway to subvert inflammation

AuthorsFrank, Christian G.; Regueiro, Verónica; Rother, Marion; Moranta, David; Maeurer, André P.; Garmendia, Juncal ; Meyer, Thomas F.; Bengoechea, José Antonio
Issue Date13-Jun-2013
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationCellular Microbiology 15(7): 1212-1233 (2013)
AbstractThe NF-κB transcriptional factor plays a key role governing the activation of immune responses. Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important cause of community-acquired and nosocomial pneumonia. Evidence indicates that K.pneumoniae infections are characterized by lacking an early inflammatory response. Recently, we have demonstrated that Klebsiella antagonizes the activation of NF-κB via the deubiquitinase CYLD. In this work, by applying a high-throughput siRNA gain-of-function screen interrogating the human kinome, we identified 17 kinases that when targeted by siRNA restored IL-1β-dependent NF-κB translocation in infected cells. Further characterization revealed that K.pneumoniae activates an EGF receptor (EGFR)-phosphatidylinositol 3-OH kinase (PI3K)-AKT-PAK4-ERK-GSK3β signalling pathway to attenuate the cytokine-dependent nuclear translocation of NF-κB. Our data also revealed that CYLD is a downstream effector of K.pneumoniae-induced EGFR-PI3K-AKT-PAK4-ERK-GSK3β signalling pathway. Our efforts to identify the bacterial factor(s)responsible for EGFR activation demonstrate that a capsule (CPS) mutant did not activate EGFR hence suggesting that CPS could mediate the activation of EGFR. Supporting this notion, purified CPS did activate EGFR as well as the EGFR-dependent PI3K-AKT-PAK4-ERK-GSK3β signalling pathway. CPS-mediated EGFR activation was dependent on a TLR4-MyD88-c-SRC-dependent pathway. Several promising drugs have been developed to antagonize this cascade. We propose that agents targeting this signalling pathway might provide selective alternatives for the management of K.pneumoniae pneumonias. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/cmi.12110
issn: 1462-5814
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