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Effects of photo and thermo cycles on flowering time in barley: A genetical phenomics approach

AutorKarsaï, Ildikó; Szücs, Péter; Kõszegi, Béla; Hayes, Patrick M.; Casas Cendoya, Ana María ; Bedő, Zoltan; Veisz, Ottó B.
Palabras claveZCCT-H
BM5A
HvPRR7
Hordeum vulgare
HvFT1
HvFT3
Fecha de publicaciónjul-2008
EditorOxford University Press
CitaciónJournal of Experimental Botany 59 (10): 2707-2715 (2008)
ResumenThe effects of synchronous photo (16 h daylength) and thermo (2°C daily fluctuation) cycles on flowering time were compared with constant light and temperature treatments using two barley mapping populations derived from the facultative cultivar 'Dicktoo'. The 'Dicktoo'x'Morex' (spring) population (DM) segregates for functional differences in alleles of candidate genes for VRN-H1, VRN-H3, PPD-H1, and PPD-H2. The first two loci are associated with the vernalization response and the latter two with photoperiod sensitivity. The 'Dicktoo'x'Kompolti korai' (winter) population (DK) has a known functional polymorphism only at VRN-H2, a locus associated with vernalization sensitivity. Flowering time in both populations was accelerated when there was no fluctuating factor in the environment and was delayed to the greatest extent with the application of synchronous photo and thermo cycles. Alleles at VRN-H1, VRN-H2, PPD-H1, and PPD-H2 - and their interactions - were found to be significant determinants of the increase/decrease in days to flower. Under synchronous photo and thermo cycles, plants with the Dicktoo (recessive) VRN-H1 allele flowered significantly later than those with the Kompolti korai (recessive) or Morex (dominant) VRN-H1 alleles. The Dicktoo VRN-H1 allele, together with the late-flowering allele at PPD-H1 and PPD-H2, led to the greatest delay. The application of synchronous photo and thermo cycles changed the epistatic interaction between VRN-H2 and VRN-H1: plants with Dicktoo type VRN-H1 flowered late, regardless of the allele phase at VRN-H2. Our results are novel in demonstrating the large effects of minor variations in environmental signals on flowering time: for example, a 2°C thermo cycle caused a delay in flowering time of 70 d as compared to a constant temperature. © 2008 The Author(s).
Descripción9 Pág., 3 Fig., 3 Tabl. The definitive version is available at: http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/content/59/10/2707
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/uk/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ern131
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/97588
DOI10.1093/jxb/ern131
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1093/jxb/ern131
issn: 0022-0957
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