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Linear control design of an ethanol steam reforming process for PEM fuel cell applications

AuthorsGarcía, Vanesa M. ; Serra, Maria ; Serra, Maria ; Llorca, Jordi; Riera, Jordi
KeywordsHydrogen generation
Linear control
Linear control
MIMO systems
MIMO systems
Low temperature reforming
Low temperature reforming
Ethanol steam reforming
Ethanol steam reforming
Issue Date2010
CitationFuel Cells Science & Technology: Scientific Advances in Fuel Cell Systems (2010)
AbstractBio-ethanol, a CO2 neutral fuel, is suited to diminish the use of the conventional fossil fuels based on petroleum and natural gas. In previous contributions [1-2] the authors reported results addressing the dynamic modeling and controllability analysis of a low temperature catalytic ethanol steam reformer for fuel cell hydrogen feeding. In this work, the design of linear controllers suitable for this ethanol reformer is reported and a comparative analysis between different controllers is performed through simulation. The control objectives considered are to keep hydrogen and CO flowrates at their nominal optimal values. This nominal operating point maximizes hydrogen yield and minimizes CO production, what is necessary because CO poisons the catalyst of PEM fuel cells. The dynamic modeling is based on a non-linear model of the reformer, which operates in three separate stages: ethanol dehydrogenation to acetaldehyde and hydrogen, acetaldehyde steam reforming and water gas shift reaction. It consists on a one-dimensional, pseudo homogeneous model based on mass and energy balances. It has been selected for control-oriented applications in order to reduce the solving time of the simulation system. Based on the controllability analysis made in, the set of the best linear control structures is selected. Basically, this control structures selection consists in the selection of two manipulated variables among the six possible manipulated variables. For each control structure, decentralized 2x2 PI controllers are implemented. The tuning of the controller parameters is analyzed and the performance of the different controllers is compared though simulation.
Appears in Collections:(IRII) Comunicaciones congresos
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