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Efficiency of nitrification inhibitor DMPP to reduce nitrous oxide emissions under different temperature and moisture conditions

AuthorsMenéndez, Sergio; Barrena, Iskander; Setien, Igor; González-Murua, Carmen; Estavillo, José María
Issue Date21-May-2012
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationSoil Biology and Biochemistry 53: 82-89 (2012)
AbstractAgricultural intensification has led to the use of very high inputs of nitrogen fertilizers into cultivated land. As a consequence of this, nitrous oxide (N 2O) emissions have increased significantly. Nowadays, the challenge is to mitigate these emissions in order to reduce global warming. Addition of nitrification inhibitors (NI) to fertilizers can reduce the losses of N 2O to the atmosphere, but field studies have shown that their efficiency varies depending greatly on the environmental conditions. Soil water content and temperature are key factors controlling N 2O emissions from soils and they seem to be also key parameters responsible for the variation in nitrification inhibitors efficiency. We present a laboratory study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the nitrification inhibitor 3,4-dimethylpyrazol phosphate (DMPP) at three different temperatures (10, 15 and 20 °C) and three soil water contents (40%, 60% and 80% of WFPS) on N 2O emissions following the application of 1.2 mg N kg -1 dry soil (equivalent to 140 kg N ha -1). Also the CO 2 and CH 4 emissions were followed to see the possible side effects of DMPP on the overall microbial activities. Nitrogen was applied either as ammonium sulfate nitrate (ASN) or as ENTEC 26 (ASN + DMPP). The application of ENTEC 26 was effective reducing N 2O losses up to the levels of an unfertilized control treatment in all conditions. Nevertheless, the percentage of reduction induced by DMPP in the ENTEC treatment with respect to the ASN varied from 3% to 45% depending on temperature and soil water content conditions. At 40% of WFPS, when nitrification is expected to be the main process producing N 2O, the increase of N 2O emissions in ASN together with temperature provoked an increase in DMPP efficiency reducing these emissions from 17% up to 42%. Contrarily, at 80% of WFPS, when denitrification is expected to be the main source of N 2O, emissions after ASN application decreased with temperature, which induced a decrease from 45% to 23% in the efficiency of DMPP reducing N 2O losses. Overall, the results obtained in this study suggest that DMPP performance regarding N 2O emissions reduction would be the best in cold and wet conditions. Neither CO 2 emissions nor CH 4 emissions were affected by the use of DMPP at the different soil water contents and temperatures. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.04.026
issn: 0038-0717
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