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Pnicogen-bonded anionic complexes

AuthorsBene, J. E. del; Alkorta, Ibon ; Elguero, José
Issue Date2014
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationThe journal of physical chemistry, A, Molecules, spectroscopy, kinetics, environment & general theory 118: 3386- 3392 (2014)
AbstractAb initio MP2/aug′-cc-pVTZ calculations have been carried out to investigate the pnicogen-bonded complexes H2YP:X-, for X,Y = Cl, NC, F, CCH, and CH3. Of the 36 possible complexes, only 21 are unique equilibrium structures. All substituents form (H2XPX) - complexes with symmetric X-P-X bonds. The P-A ion-molecule pnicogen bonds in these and some additional complexes have partial covalent character, while some P-A′ covalent bonds have partial ion-molecule character. A and A′ are the atoms of X and Y, respectively, which are directly bonded to P. Complexes with these types of bonds include the symmetric complexes (H 2XPX)-, H2(CH3)P:F-, H2(CCH)P:F-, H2FP:NC-, H 2FP:Cl-, H2FP:CN-, and H 2(NC)P:Cl-. Charge transfer from A to the P-A′ σ* orbital stabilizes H2YP:X- complexes and leads to a reduction of the negative charge on X. For fixed X, the smallest negative charge occurs in the symmetric complex. Then, for a given X, the order of decreasing negative charge with respect to Y is CH3 > CCH > CN (bonded through C) > F > NC (bonded through N) > Cl, which is also the order of decreasing P-A distance. EOM-CCSD spin-spin coupling constants 1pJ(P-A) differentiate between shorter ion-molecule pnicogen bonds with partial covalent character and longer P···A ion-molecule pnicogen bonds. Similarly, coupling constants 1J(P- A′) differentiate between longer covalent P-A′ bonds with partial ion-molecule character and shorter P-A′ covalent bonds. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jp502667k
issn: 1520-5215
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