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A screening of five Bacillus thuringiensis Vip3A proteins for their activity against lepidopteran pests

AuthorsRuiz de Escudero, Íñigo ; Banyuls, Nuria; Bel, Yolanda; Maeztu, Mireya; Escriche, Baltasar; Muñoz, Delia ; Caballero, Primitivo ; Ferré, Juan
Issue DateMar-2014
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationJournal of Invertebrate Pathology 117: 51-55 (2014)
AbstractFive Bacillus thuringiensis Vip3A proteins (Vip3Aa, Vip3Ab, Vip3Ad, Vip3Ae and Vip3Af) and their corresponding trypsin-activated toxins were tested for their toxicity against eight lepidopteran pests: Agrotis ipsilon, Helicoverpa armigera, Mamestra brassicae, Spodoptera exigua, Spodoptera frugiperda, Spodoptera littoralis, Ostrinia nubilalis and Lobesia botrana. Toxicity was first tested at a high dose at 7 and 10. days. No major differences were found when comparing protoxins vs. trypsin-activated toxins. The proteins that were active against most of the insect species were Vip3Aa, Vip3Ae and Vip3Af, followed by Vip3Ab. Vip3Ad was non-toxic to any of the species tested. Considering the results by insect species, A. ipsilon, S. frugiperda and S. littoralis were susceptible to Vip3Aa, Vip3Ab, Vip3Ae and Vip3Af; S. exigua was susceptible to Vip3Aa and Vip3Ae, and moderately susceptible to Vip3Ab; M. brassicae and L. botrana were susceptible to Vip3Aa, Vip3Ae and Vip3Af; H. armigera was moderately susceptible to Vip3Aa, Vip3Ae and Vip3Af, and O. nubilalis was tolerant to all Vip3 proteins tested, although it showed some susceptibility to Vip3Af. The results obtained will help to design new combinations of insecticidal protein genes in transgenic crops or in recombinant bacteria for the control of insect pests. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2014.01.006
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jip.2014.01.006
issn: 1096-0805
Appears in Collections:(IDAB) Artículos
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