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Buthionine sulfoximine diverts the melanogenesis pathway toward the production of more soluble and degradable pigments

AutorGalván, Ismael ; Wakamatsu, Kazumasa; Alonso-Álvarez, Carlos ; Solano, F.
Palabras claveButhionine sulfoximine
Hypopigmenting agents
Fecha de publicación2014
CitaciónBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 24(9): 2150-2154 (2014)
ResumenButhionine sulfoximine (BSO) is a specific inhibitor of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase, thus blocking the synthesis of glutathione (GSH). It is known that this makes that BSO affects melanin synthesis because of the role of thiols in melanogenesis. However, BSO may also react with the intermediate oxidation products of melanogenesis, a possibility that has not been investigated from the initial steps of the pathway. We created in vitro conditions simulating eumelanogenesis (oxidation of l-DOPA in the absence of GSH) and pheomelanogenesis (oxidation of l-DOPA in the presence of GSH) under presence or absence of BSO. BSO made that eumelanogenesis results in pigments more soluble and less resistant to degradation by hydrogen peroxide than pigments obtained without BSO. A similar but less marked effect was observed for pheomelanogenesis only at subsaturating concentrations of GSH. These results suggest that BSO diverts the melanogenesis pathway toward the production of more soluble and degradable pigments
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.bmcl.2014.03.03
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