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In situ XAS study of synergic effects on Ni-Co/ZrO 2 methane reforming catalysts

AuthorsGonzález-Delacruz, V.M. ; Pereñíguez, Rosa ; Ternero, Fátima ; Holgado, Juan P. ; Caballero, Alfonso
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Physical Chemistry C 116: 2919- 2926 (2012)
AbstractFour different mono and bimetallic Ni-Co/ZrO 2 catalysts have been studied by means of in situ XAS, X-ray diffraction, TPR, and measurements of the catalytic activity in the dry reforming reaction of methane (DRM). Even though the cobalt monometallic system has no activity for the methane reforming reaction, both bimetallic catalysts (with 1:1 and 1:2 Ni/Co ratio, respectively), showed a better activity and stability than the nickel monometallic system. The XRD data indicate that a mixed cobalt-nickel spinel is formed by calcination of the precursor solids, leading to the formation of an alloy of both metals after reduction in hydrogen. In situ XAS experiments showed a much better resistance of metals in the bimetallic systems to be oxidized under reaction conditions at temperatures until 750 °C. After these results, we proposed the formation in the bimetallic systems of a more reducible nickel-cobalt alloy phase, which remains completely metallic in contact with the CO 2/CH 4 reaction mixture at any temperature. The presence of adjacent nickel and cobalt sites seems to avoid the deactivation of cobalt in the DRM reaction. In the case of cobalt sites, the presence of adjacent nickel atoms seems to prevent the deposition of carbon over the cobalt sites, now showing its higher activity in the dry reforming reaction. Simultaneously, this higher activity of the cobalt sites in the bimetallic system produces more hydrogen as a product, maintaining the nickel atoms completely reduced under reaction conditions. This synergic effect accounts for the better performance of the bimetallic systems and points at both, the oxidation state of nickel particles under reaction conditions and the carbon deposition processes, as important factors responsible for differences in catalytic activities and stabilities in this hydrocarbon reaction. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jp2092048
issn: 1932-7447
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