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Pomological and biochemical characterization of two Turkish almond cultivars grown in the Anatolia region

AuthorsOguz, H. I.; Font i Forcada, Carolina CSIC ; Giménez Soro, Rosa CSIC ORCID ; Gogorcena Aoiz, Yolanda CSIC ORCID ; Yilmaz, A.,; Betrán Aso, Jesús Ángel; Palacios, A.; Moreno Sánchez, María Ángeles CSIC ORCID
KeywordsFatty acids
Mineral elements
Prunus dulcis
Issue DateMar-2014
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
CitationOguz HI, Font i Forcada C, Giménez R, Gogorcena Y, Yilmaz A, Betrán JA, Palacios A, Moreno MA. Pomological and biochemical characterization of two Turkish almond cultivars grown in the Anatolia region. Acta Horticulturae 1028: 239-242 (2014)
AbstractThis study was carried out to determine some pomological and biochemical properties of two Turkish local almond cultivars ('Gölbasi I' and 'Gölbasi II'), compared with four commercial ones ('Ferragnès', 'Ferraduel', 'Nonpareil' and 'Yaltinskij') of different origins and grown in the Anatolia region of Turkey. The kernels were used to determine proteins, total oil, fatty acids, sugar profile, macro and micro mineral elements. The highest protein content was found on 'Ferragnès', followed by 'Gölbasi I' and 'Ferraduel'. It was intermediate on 'Gölbasi II' and 'Yaltinskij', and lower in 'Nonpareil'. Differences in mono-unsaturated (mainly oleic and linoleic) and saturated (palmitic and stearic) fatty acid contents were found among cultivars. The content of oleic acid in 'Gölbasi I' and 'Gölbasi II' was similar to that of 'Ferraduel' and 'Ferragnès', having all of them higher contents than 'Nonpareil' and 'Yaltinskij'. In contrast, the contents of linoleic and palmitic acids in 'Nonpareil' and 'Yaltinskij' were higher than those from the other four cultivars. There were also significant differences among cultivars for soluble and total sugars, and macro- (mainly P, K and Mg) and micronutrient (Mn, Zn and Cu) contents.
Description4 Pags.- 4 Tabls. The definitive version is available at: http://www.actahort.org/index.htm
Publisher version (URL)http://www.actahort.org/books/1028/1028_38.htm
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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