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The influence of body size on the foraging behaviour of European hake after settlement to the bottom

AutorModica, Larissa; Bozzano, Anna ; Velasco, Francisco
Palabras claveFeeding strategy
Juvenile Merluccius merluccius
Trophic niche
Prey energy density
Prey size
Predator size
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2013
CitaciónJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 444: 46-54 (2013)
ResumenThe trophic niche width and feeding strategy (FS) of juvenile European hake were studied during three trawl surveys in two different areas of the Mediterranean Sea. Both of these aspects of trophic behaviour were analysed as function of different biotic and abiotic factors. Prey were grouped by factors such as size, swimming behaviour and energy density. The trophic niche breadth values observed (2.25-2.89) were very similar regardless of the geographic area (geomorphology) and season. The FSs analysed were also quite similar regardless of the geographic area (geomorphology) and season, or predation environment (bottom or water column). Conversely, the FSs were linked with predator size. Increased predator size allowed changes in predatory behaviour through the development of preferences for larger and more energy-rich prey. The changes in FS from generalist to specialist began at a total length (TL) of approximately 12. cm in both populations analysed. At larger sizes, the juveniles of both populations became more specialised, as confirmed by the reduction in the breadth of the individual trophic niche. The observed simultaneous changes in the FS, which occurred regardless of the geomorphology and seasonal characteristics, suggest that this shift is driven primarily by endogenous factors. The influence of body size on the foraging behaviour of European hake in the early life stages after bottom recruitment is a crucial information for the application of ecosystem mass-balance models. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Descripción9 pages, 5 figures, 9 tables, 1 appendix supplementary data to this article can be found online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2013.03.001
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2013.03.001
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2013.03.001
issn: 0022-0981
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