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Title

Characterization of thermohaline staircases in the Tyrrhenian sea using stochastic heterogeneity mapping

AuthorsBuffett, Grant ; Hobbs, Richard W.; Vsemirnova, Ekaterina; Klaeschen, Dirk; Hurich, Charles; Ranero, César R. ; Sallarès, Valentí
Issue DateMay-2013
PublisherAcoustical Society of America
CitationJournal of the Acoustical Society of America 133(5): 3313-3314 (2013)
AbstractWe apply Stochastic Heterogeneity Mapping based on the band-limited von Kármán power law function to stacked migrated seismic data of thermohaline staircases in the Tyrrhenian Sea. This process allows the estimation of stochastic parameters such as the Hurst number (a measure of surface roughness) and scale length. Thermohaline staircases are regular, well-defined step-like variations in vertical profiles of temperature and salinity. In the ocean, they are thought to arise from double diffusion processes driven by the large difference in the molecular diffusivities of heat and salt. They are thought to have an anomalously weak internal wave-induced turbulence, making them suitable for the estimation of a lower detection limit of turbulent dissipation. The Tyrrhenian Sea is a natural laboratory for the study of such staircases because, due to the internal basin’s dynamic stability, steps as small as 10’s of meters can be seen. Lower Hurst numbers represent a richer range of higher wavenumbers corresponding to a broader range of heterogeneity in reflection events. We interpret a broader range of heterogeneity as indicative of a greater degree of turbulence
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4805513
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/96154
DOI10.1121/1.4805513
Identifiersdoi: 10.1121/1.4805513
issn: 0001-4966
e-issn: 1520-8524
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