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Título

Seawater disinfection by chlorine dioxide and sodium hypochlorite. A comparison of biofilm formation

Autor Simon, F. Xavier; Berdalet, Elisa ; Gracia, Francisco A.; España, Francisco; Llorens, Joan
Palabras clave Biofilm
sodium hypochlorite (NaClO)
disinfection
trihalomethanes (THMs)
chlorine dioxide (ClO2)
Seawater
Fecha de publicación mar-2014
EditorSpringer
Citación Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 225: 1921 (2014)
ResumenContinuous seawater disinfection by chlorine dioxide (ClO2) was studied at residual concentrations of 0.2 and 0.4 mg ClO2 L -1 and compared with sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) disinfection at 1 mg L-1 of free chlorine. The results revealed that both disinfectants decrease the biological activity and cell counts in seawater. When NaClO was used, both the cell counts and the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level were diminished (1.8 log and 76 %, respectively); however, when ClO2 was used, the ATP level decreased to the same level as with NaClO (78-84 %), but the cell counts were reduced only weakly (∼0.1 log). The biofilm concentration in seawater without disinfectants reached 700 pg ATP cm-2 after 40 days, whereas in the treated lines, the biofilms remained below 1 pg ATP cm -2 irrespective of the disinfectant and dose used. ClO2 generated much less trihalomethanes than NaClO (<1 vs. 154 μg L -1). Bromoform (77-96 %) was the predominant chemical species found in disinfected seawater. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014
Descripción 11 pages, 6 figures, 3 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-014-1921-1
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/96093
DOI10.1007/s11270-014-1921-1
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1007/s11270-014-1921-1
issn: 0049-6979
e-issn: 1573-2932
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