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Seawater disinfection by chlorine dioxide and sodium hypochlorite. A comparison of biofilm formation

AuthorsSimon, F. Xavier; Berdalet, Elisa ; Gracia, Francisco A.; España, Francisco; Llorens, Joan
Sodium hypochlorite
Chlorine dioxide
Issue DateMar-2014
CitationWater, Air, and Soil Pollution 225: 1921 (2014)
AbstractContinuous seawater disinfection by chlorine dioxide (ClO2) was studied at residual concentrations of 0.2 and 0.4 mg ClO2 L -1 and compared with sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) disinfection at 1 mg L-1 of free chlorine. The results revealed that both disinfectants decrease the biological activity and cell counts in seawater. When NaClO was used, both the cell counts and the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level were diminished (1.8 log and 76 %, respectively); however, when ClO2 was used, the ATP level decreased to the same level as with NaClO (78-84 %), but the cell counts were reduced only weakly (∼0.1 log). The biofilm concentration in seawater without disinfectants reached 700 pg ATP cm-2 after 40 days, whereas in the treated lines, the biofilms remained below 1 pg ATP cm -2 irrespective of the disinfectant and dose used. ClO2 generated much less trihalomethanes than NaClO (<1 vs. 154 μg L -1). Bromoform (77-96 %) was the predominant chemical species found in disinfected seawater. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014
Description11 pages, 6 figures, 3 tables
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-014-1921-1
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s11270-014-1921-1
issn: 0049-6979
e-issn: 1573-2932
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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