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Deep epibenthic communities in two contrasting areas of the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean)

AuthorsRamón, Montserrat ; Abelló, Pere ; Ordines, Francesc; Massutí, Enric
KeywordsMacrofaunal assemblages
Marine environment
Multivariate analysis
Issue DateApr-2014
CitationJournal of Marine Systems 132: 54-65 (2014)
AbstractEpibenthic communities were studied in two areas, off western and southern Mallorca (Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean), which differ in the oceanographic conditions and show different degrees of oligotrophy. Sampling was performed with beam trawl at two seasons (December 2009 and July 2010) and at depths between 228 and 900. m. A total of 199 taxa were identified, of which the most diverse were decapod crustaceans and fishes. Depth was the main factor structuring megafaunal assemblages. In the shelf break the shrimps Plesionika heterocarpus, P. antigai, Processa nouveli and P. canaliculata were dominant. In the upper slope, P. acanthonotus, Boreomysis arctica, Gaidropsarus biscayensis and Aristeus antennatus were the species that most contributed to the group formation, whereas in the middle slope the crustaceans P. acanthonotus and Munida tenuimana dominated. Specific abundances were relatively low everywhere. Diversity H' values ranged from 2.19 to 3.17, being higher in Sóller. Using species abundance data, significant differences were identified concerning both area and season in both shelf break and upper slope strata, while no significant differences were found in the middle slope stratum. The analysis of functional groups showed that both depth and area had a significant effect on their differential distribution. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Description12 pages, 4 figures, 6 tables, 1 annex
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.01.002
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.01.002
issn: 0924-7963
e-issn: 1879-1573
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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