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Dried alginate-entrapped enzymes (DALGEEs) and their application to the production of fructooligosaccharides

AutorFernández Arrojo, Lucía ; Rodríguez-Colinas, Bárbara ; Gutiérrez Alonso, Patricia ; Fernández Lobato, María ; Alcalde Galeote, Miguel ; Ballesteros Olmo, Antonio ; Plou Gasca, Francisco José
Palabras claveHydrogels
Food oligosaccharides
Enzyme immobilisation
Fecha de publicación2013
CitaciónProcess Biochemistry 48: 677- 682 (2013)
ResumenA modification of the classical calcium alginate enzyme entrapment technique is described aiming to overcome some of the limitations of the former gel-based biocatalysts. Dried alginate entrapped enzymes (DALGEEs) were obtained dehydrating calcium alginate gel beads containing entrapped enzymes. A fructosyltransferase from Aspergillus aculeatus, present in Pectinex Ultra SP-L, was entrapped using this technique. The resulting DALGEEs were successfully tested both operating batchwise and in a continuous fixed-bed reactor for fructooligosaccharides (FOS) synthesis from sucrose. Interestingly, DALGEEs did not re-swell upon incubation in concentrated (600 g/L) sucrose solutions, probably due to the lowered water activity (aw) of such media. Confocal laser scanning microscopy of DALGEEs revealed that the enzyme molecules accumulated preferably in the shell of the particles. DALGEEs showed an approximately 30-fold higher volumetric activity (300 U/mL) compared with the calcium alginate gel beads. Moreover, a significant enhancement (40-fold) of the space-time-yield of fixed-bed bioreactors was observed when using DALGEEs as biocatalyst compared with gel beads (4030 g/day L of FOS vs. 103 g/day L). The operational stability of fixed-bed reactors packed with DALGEEs was extraordinary, providing a nearly constant FOS composition of the outlet during at least 700 h. It was also noticeable their resistance against microbial attack, even after long periods of storage at room temperature. The DALGEEs immobilisation strategy may also be useful for other biotransformations, in particular when they take place in low aw media. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.procbio.2013.02.015
issn: 1359-5113
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